Triphala is one of the most famous Ayurvedic herbal blends. It is a rasayana formula, meaning it has great rejuvenative properties.
As the name suggests, it is made of three tropical fruits: amalaki, bibhitaki, and haritaki.
|Emblica officinalis Gaertn.
|Terminalia chebula Retz.
|Terminalia bellirica Roxb.
Normally, this formula is taken to cleanse, tonify, and regenerate the lower intestines, but the formula also works as a kind of physiological roto rooter in the arteries, often making a significant difference in circulation and vision.
Triphala is not a laxative much less a purgative, but it can be bowel stimulating. Its longer term action is to promote better assimilation and elimination, thereby leading to better health. It is the best selling formula in the Ayurvedic repertoire and is balancing for all constitutional types.
In a study done of the radioprotective properties of triphala, mice were given the equivalent of 1 gram of triphala per kilogram of body weight. This would work out to about two ounces of powdered triphala for an adult weighing about 130 pounds.
This dosage was administered for seven days prior to lethal full body irradiation. The triphala appeared to reduce oxidative damage to the DNA and conferred a 60% reduction in mortality. Practically speaking, the dosage is very high but for those with obstructed bowels or sluggish elimination, short-term use at these levels might be considered as prophylactic in the event of exposure to high levels of gamma radiation.
The aqueous extract of the fruits of Emblica officinalis (T1), Terminalia chebula (T2) and Terminalia belerica (T3) and their equiproportional mixture triphala were evaluated for their in vitro antioxidant activity. gamma-Radiation induced strand break formation in plasmid DNA (pBR322) was effectively inhibited by triphala and its constituents in the concentration range 25-200 microg/mL with a percentage inhibition of T1 (30%-83%), T2 (21%-71%), T3 (8%-58%) and triphala (17%-63%). They also inhibited radiation induced lipid peroxidation in rat liver microsomes effectively with IC(50) values less than 15 microg/mL. The extracts were found to possess the ability to scavenge free radicals such as DPPH and superoxide.